14 Most Important Roofing Terms | Innpreccon Roofing, LLC

14 Most Important Roofing Terms Every Homeowner Should Know

[IR] Most Important Roofing Terms Every Homeowner Should Know (1)

If you had any roofing done on your home, then you’ve probably noticed that roofers often use industry-specific terms related to your roofing project. And this is understandable as it is what roofers do every day and how they’re used to communicating.

However, at Innpreccon Roofing, we understand that homeowners may not be familiar with some of the roofing terminology, and or maybe not even know know exactly what we’re referring to. 

Since clear and effective communication with you is crucial to us, we have prepared a short guide on some of the most important and common roofing terms used in the roofing industry.

So, make sure to take a look, and you’ll be talking like a roofer in no time.


Learn Some Basic Roofing Terms and Talk to Your Roofer Easily

Below you’ll find basic expressions and terms related to your roof. Some of them you might already know, some may be new, but in any case, it will be worth refreshing your memory and learning a few new ones along the way. Read on!

Roof Shingles

Roof shingles cover the roof. These are pieces of material, usually in a square or rectangular shape, that are laid on top of the roof. Basically, it’s the layer you see when you look at the roof. Shingles can be made from metal, slate, plastic, wood, or asphalt, and their main job is to protect your roof and home from the elements.


Decking, also known as sheathing, is the basis of your roof that is attached directly to the attic. Decking must be well-built and robust because it supports the rest of the roof. The minimum thickness of wood varies depending on local building codes.


This part is usually installed right onto the decking. It can be made from rubberized asphalt, asphalt-saturated felt, or synthetic material, and it is used to provide extra protection for the deck.


This term is pretty straightforward, as the name itself suggests the meaning. Penetrations refer to everything that penetrates, or in other words, comes out of your roof. These are usually vents, vent pipes, skylights, and chimneys. These parts are protected by flashing because they are most vulnerable to leaks.


Flashings are pieces of metal used to stop water seepage into your property. They provide extra protection from leaks around all those penetrations we mentioned previously (vent pipes, chimneys, etc.). They direct the water into the gutters instead of allowing it to get under the shingles or the underlayment.


Square is a measurement unit for calculating the size of a roof, and it is equivalent to 100 square feet. For example, if your roofers say that your roof is 15 squares, it means that your roof size is 1,500 square feet.


Eaves are the roof sections that overhang the house’s exterior walls. They are the horizontal lower edges of your roof, right above the gutters.


This is the horizontal line at the top of the roof where two parts of the roof cross or intersect. It is also the uppermost point of a roof.

Ridge Vents

Ridge vents are mounted along the entire length of the ridge. They enable proper ventilation of the attic by allowing the hot air from the attic to escape outside. 


Roof valleys are parts where two roofing slopes meet at the bottom. As water may accumulate there, these are vulnerable areas that require quality flashing to be installed.


Gutters are an important part of the roofing system and most homeowners are already familiar with them. They are built along the roof’s eaves and their primary function is to steer the water away from the roof.


Main Roofing Styles

Roofs come in a number of different styles that vary in form or the number of slopes and sides they have. Below are the three roofing types that are most common:


There are four sides to a hip roof and each of the sides has a slope. The sides are the same length and there is a ridge on the top.


Triangular in shape, a gable roof has only two roofing sides that slope downwards. The other two sides are walls leading to the ridge top.


A shed roof has just one side that slopes downwards. It is most frequently installed on sheds and smaller buildings.


All Things Considered

There are many more roofing terms and expressions you will hear, but the ones mentioned above are most common and usually enough for you to have an easy conversation with your roofer.

If you want to know more or are looking for the best residential roofing services, don’t hesitate to contact your best roofing contractors Houston TX at Innpreccon Roofing!


Houston, TX 77073


8AM - 5PM

Innpreccon Roofing has been serving the Houston area since 2016. Family-owned and operated since its establishment, we strive to offer the best experience and highest quality service to our clients. In our years of business, we have expanded throughout Houston and surrounding areas, helping thousands of satisfied clients with their roofing needs.


At Innpreccon Roofing, we work with top manufacturers: Owen’s Corning and GAF. We are an Owen’s Corning Preferred Contractor and a GAF Certified Roofer. We use the highest quality shingles and materials to guarantee great service and workmanship. Our company takes pride in our work on every project and stands behind each one. You can rest assured that with Innpreccon Roofing, our work will be done right every time.